- Neuroblastoma is the most common extracranial solid cancer in infancy and childhood.
- Neuroblastoma most commonly starts in the abdomen, either in the adrenal glands (located just above the kidney in back of the upper abdomen) or around the spinal cord.
- There are approximately 650 cases of Neuroblastoma diagnosed in the United States each year.
- The average age of diagnosis is two-years old.
- Neuroblastoma accounts for more than seven percent of all cancers in patients younger than 15, yet 15 percent of all pediatric oncology deaths are the result of Neuroblastoma.
- The causes of Neuroblastoma are not completely known; less than two percent of all cases are thought to be hereditary.
- Treatment is determined by many factors, including the stage of the disease at diagnosis and the child's age, site of the primary tumor and metastases, and tumor histology.
- Neuroblastoma is commonly fatal; the long-term survival rate for children with high-risk Neuroblastoma is less than 40 percent.